The Republic of Uzbekistan is one of the largest states in Central Asia. It shares borders with Kazakhstan in the north and northeast, with Turkmenistan in the southwest, Afghanistan in the south, Tajikistan in the southeast and Kyrgyzstan in the northeast. From 1924 until the declaration of independence on August 31, 1991 Uzbekistan was part of the USSR as one of the Union republics (Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic).
The most part of the territory of Uzbekistan is the desert plains, which preserved the memory of the tribes that inhabited them, nomads ... These lands saw the armies of conquerors, listened to the measured trampling of camels of the trade caravans of the Great Silk Road.
The eastern and southeastern regions of the country include the mountains and foothills of the Tien Shan and the Hissar Range, the highest point of Uzbekistan. Inaccessible rocks, snow-capped peaks attract fans of outdoor activities and connoisseurs of magnificent views. Here, there is something to see at any time of the year. Thousands of tourists who have visited these places come back again and again.
In the area of the Turan plate is the Ustyurt plateau, the Amudarya delta near the southern coast of the Aral Sea and the majestic Kyzylkum desert, which translates as "Red Sands". Deserts occupy about 40% of the territory of the state. In these lands extremely harsh conditions. Sharp changes in temperature are combined with extremely low rainfall. Here are presented unique species of plants and animals and, surprisingly, people live. They are nomads, observing the customs of antiquity. To some travelers, it is possible to get acquainted more closely with them, to visit a dwelling and to feel a unique color of a wild life. Tourists visit these places in search of indelible impressions.
The mountain ranges in the east and southeast are separated by intermontane depressions and valleys. Ferghana, Kashkadarya, Surkhandarya and Chirchik-Angren. In these areas are located major cities. Here are excellent weather conditions, lots of greenery, fruits. Tourists come here, tired of worldly vanity, eager for peace and vivid impressions. In the valleys there are many picturesque places, here the cuisine and craft are different from other areas.
Water resources of Uzbekistan are represented by an impressive number of large and small rivers. Most of the country is located between the two greatest rivers of Central Asia - the Syr Darya in the north and the Amu Darya in the south. Their source begins in the highlands east of the borders of Uzbekistan, they carry their waters in the north-west direction and flow into the Aral Sea.
In Uzbekistan there is only one, really big lake, but it is known to the whole world - the salty Aral Sea. It is located in the north-west of the country on the border with Kazakhstan. The area of the Aral Sea in the period 1980-1990 significantly decreased, the reservoir is experiencing an ecological catastrophe. A negative factor in this situation was the large-scale use of water flowing into the Aral Sea of rivers for irrigation. By 1998, the coastline of the Aral Sea distanced by 80 km, and the sea itself was divided into three separate reservoirs.